Where Next for US Foreign Policy?
Sophia Gaston and Evie Aspinall – British Foreign Policy Group
The United States of America’s Presidential Elections have historically been regarded as ‘world events’, and Westminster and Whitehall watch their outcomes keenly – aware of America’s gravitational force on diplomacy, security and international cooperation, and the vested interest in the functioning of its democracy, long framed as the West’s ‘light on the hill’. In 2016, it was clear that America faced a stark choice about its identity and its role in the world; in 2020, somehow, the stakes feel even more profound.
The shifting tone of American foreign policy – which meaningfully began in the aftermath of the War in Iraq and the policy of military de-escalation promoted by President Obama – has undoubtedly sharpened and metastasised under the leadership of President Trump. President Trump’s first term has been characterised by a ‘maverick’ form of diplomacy, dynamic interpersonal relations with authoritarian states, and a distinct degree of antipathy towards multilateral institutions – many of which the United States had historically played a critical role in defending.
The paper, originally published by British Foreign Policy Group, sets out the anticipated direction of policy and tone in American foreign policy over the coming political term – considering how a Biden or a Trump Presidency may shape the United States’ choices in terms of America’s relationships with the United Kingdom and Europe, and its participation in, and leadership of, multilateral institutions. Read it by clicking the link below.